Wednesday, January 31, 2024

Forbidden Documents, 1 of 4: The Bill of Particulars

           The Bill of Particulars

         When in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for a people to dissolve political bands which have restricted them, a decent respect for the opinions of humankind requires that they declare the causes which impel such a dissolution.

          We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all human beings are created equal; that we are endowed by nature with certain inalienable rights; that among these are the rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of property; that to secure these rights, governments are instituted among the people, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed; that whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or abolish it, and to institute new government, founding it on such principles and organizing it in such form, as they deem most likely to effect their safety and happiness.

          We the people have the right to revolution.

          Prudence, indeed, will dictate that governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience has shown that people are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed.

          But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object, evinces a design to reduce us to slavery under absolute despotism, it is our right, indeed it is our duty, to throw off such government, and to provide new guards for our future security.

          Such has been the patient sufferance of this people; and such is now the necessity which constrains us to alter our former systems of government. The history of the Presidency of the United States is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having as direct object the establishment of an absolute tyranny over the American people. To prove this, let facts be submitted to a candid world. Here is the bill of particulars:

Presidents have refused assent to laws most wholesome and necessary for the public good.

Presidents have erected a multitude of new offices, and sent forth swarms of officers to harass our people, and eat out our substance.

Presidents have imposed onerous debts upon us, and enforced their repayment by inequitable taxation.
Presidents have systematically abrogated individual liberty in the name of national security.

Presidents have instituted a secret government whose funds, deeds, and hirelings are unchecked by custom, law, or ethics. In their arrogance they hold reason itself in contempt.

Presidents have authorized agents and tribunals with arbitrary powers.

Presidents have sold dangerous drugs to the people, while hypocritically enforcing draconian penalties against their use, in order to increase profits and expand authority.

Presidents have obstructed the administration of justice, by classifying information, by subjecting judicial appointees to political tests, and by silencing witnesses.

Presidents have rendered the military independent of and superior to the civil power.

Presidents have conspired with foreign tyrants to fabricate deceptions injurious to us.

Presidents have abolished habeas corpus, and with it, the rule of law.

Presidents have lied to Congress to start wars of aggression; they have tortured; they have massacred; they have committed war crimes without number.

Presidents have waged wars and contracted alliances repugnant to the people, thereby founding an American empire unparalleled in its arrogance, brutality and stupidity.

Presidents have quartered among us in time of peace large standing armies, and protected their officers, by mock trial, from punishment for any crimes which they may commit.

Presidents have excited domestic and foreign insurgencies against us, and have endeavored to bring on the merciless fundamentalists, whose known rule of warfare is the indiscriminate destruction of all ages, sexes, and conditions.

Presidents have systematically protected the rich from the poor, the strong from the weak, and the guilty from the innocent.

Presidents have usurped the Congressional power to declare war, by means of blitzkriegs, blank checks, quagmires, mission creep, permanent emergencies, and unilateral aggression.

Presidents have usurped the Congressional power of the purse, by means of black budget items.

Presidents have usurped the Congressional power to levy taxes, by means of covert, stand-alone, off-the-shelf criminal enterprises.

Presidents have stolen elections, violated rights, looted the treasury, and stained the national honor.

Presidents have committed bribery, burglary, theft, fraud, perjury, extortion, sabotage, torture, murder, treason, and many other high crimes and misdemeanors, without fear of impeachment.

Presidents have enforced religious laws; silenced free speech; censored the press; violently dispersed peaceful popular assemblies; suppressed petitions for redress of grievances; authorized arbitrary searches and seizures; imposed double jeopardy; compelled self-incrimination; taken life, liberty and property without due process of law; indicted secret accusations; exacted excessive fines; inflicted cruel and unusual punishments; usurped powers not delegated to them by the Constitution; and otherwise abridged the people's constitutional rights.

Presidents have accumulated vast stockpiles of weapons of mass destruction, thereby imperiling the entire human race.

          At every stage of these oppressions we have petitioned for redress in the most humble terms. Our repeated petitions have been answered only by repeated injury. An officer, whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people.

          Nor have we been wanting in our attention to our ruling brethren. We have warned their legislatures from time to time of attempts to extend unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the circumstances of our Immigration and settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our common kindred to disavow these usurpations, which would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence.

          They have proven to be deaf to the voice of justice and consanguinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity which requires our separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest of humankind, enemies in war, in peace friends.

          THEREFORE WE, the PEOPLE of AMERICA, do solemnly declare that we Americans are, and of right ought to be, FREE AND INDEPENDENT PEOPLE; that we are absolved from all allegiance to the office of the Presidency, and that all political connection between us and the secret government is, and ought to be, totally dissolved; and that as a free and independent people we have full power to levy war, conclude peace, contract alliances, establish commerce, and to do all other acts and things which INDEPENDENT people may of right do. AND for the support of this Declaration, we pledge our lives, our fortunes, and our sacred honor.




Monday, January 29, 2024

Discorporation, A Modest Proposal


          A Modest Proposal



          Under United States Federal Law, a Corporation is called a Person,

          AND WHEREAS:

          Under United States Federal Law, Persons found guilty of committing certain heinous crimes may incur the penalty of death,


          That under United States Federal Law, Corporations found guilty of committing certain heinous crimes may incur the penalty of death.



          Definition of Discorporation


          In Discorporation, the officers of the state force a Corporation to stop functioning. No human Person is to be harmed in any way, except in being deprived of a functioning relationship with the legally-deceased Corporation.

          In a Discorporation, the State shall:

          Repudiate the condemned Corporation’s franchise,

          Deny it all standing in any court of Law,

          Seize its assets, records and property,

          Halt its commercial activities,

          Close its production facilities,

          Dismiss its employees and managers,

Destroy, in public ceremony, a copy of the condemned Corporation’s identifying logo or symbol,

And declare the Corporation Legally Dead.



          First Dibs


          Discorporation is targeted at the criminal Corporation, not at those amongst its human servitors who are innocent of its crimes. Nonetheless, loss of corporate economic support can cause human hardship. To soften the blow, be it resolved that the first claimants to an executed Corporation’s assets shall be its innocent human servitors; each of whom shall receive one year’s worth of the Corporation’s median salary; or if that be impossible within the limits of the assets seized, all shall receive equal shares.



          Just Cause


          Corporations, being legal Persons, may be put to death for the same high crimes for which human Persons may be executed. These crimes include:






          and Treason.



          Critique of this Law


          A Discorporation is the fictional death of a fictional Person at the hands of the State; with violence, pretense and power thus woven into the very fabric of this instrument, it is clear that great evils may result from its misuse. Beware!

          The fundamental flaw of this law is that it may be applied to the wrong Corporations. In this imperfect world, such errors can and do often happen; and the death penalty, by nature, cannot be rescinded once imposed. Therefore this law, if accepted, will on occasion mean tragic and irremediable miscarriages of corporate justice; just like the death penalty for humans.

          Therefore doubt this law!



          Logical Conclusion



          that if

          Discorporation is not acceptable in the eyes of the law

          and if

          all persons are equal in the eyes of the law

          then either

          Coporations are not Persons in the eyes of the law

          or else

          the law does not accept death as a valid penalty.




Friday, January 26, 2024

How to Count to Two: 2 of 2

            Appendix: Diamond Logic


          Diamond logic has a new operator: /, called “juxtaposition”, pronounced “but”. This defines four truth values:

                    T/T   =       T      

                    F/F    =       F    ;    these are the “Boolean” values.

                    T/F   =       I

                    F/T   =       J     ;     these are the “paradox” values.


          In diamond logic, the positive operators Ù (“and”) and Ú (“or”) operate side-wise:

 (a/b) Ù (c/d)                 =       (a Ù c) / (b Ù d)

 (a/b) Ú (c/d)                 =       (a Ú c) / (b Ú d)

Negation flips sides:

~ (a/b)                           =         (~ b) / (~ a)

This creates fixedpoints for negation:

          ~(t/f)           =       (~ f) / (~ t)           =       t/f

          ~(f/t)           =       (~ t) / (~ f)           =       f/t

Thus paradox is possible in diamond logic.


Call a function “harmonic” if it can be defined from Ù, Ú, ~, and the four values t, i, j, f. They include:

          a nor b                 =       ~ (a Ú b)    =       ~a Ù ~ b

          a nand b              =       ~ (a Ù b)    =       ~a Ú ~ b


Here are diamond’s truth tables for ‘not’, ‘and’, ‘or’, and ‘but’:

 x:  ~ x:   Ù y:       Ú y:        but y:

            t f i j    t f i j    t f i j 

     t     f    t f i j    t t t t    t i i t  

     f     t    f f f f    t f i j    j f f j  

     i     i    i f i f    t i i t    t i i t  

     j     j    j f f j    t j t j    j f f j  


          Diamond logic has a Brownian-style notation: “bracket-form  algebra”, which has four forms ( [], [[]], 6, and 9 ), and two operations (ab and [a]), with these rules:

                   ab               =       ba

                   [] a             =       []

                   [[]] a           =       a

                   a a              =       a

                   69               =       []

                   [[[]]]           =       []

                   [6]              =       6

                   [9]              =       9

          Bracket forms match diamond’s logic tables these ways:

          []                 ::       T       ;        T       ;        F       ;        F

          [[]]              ::       F       ;        F       ;        T       ;        T

          6                 ::       I        ;        J        ;        I        ;        J

          9                 ::       J        ;        I        ;        J        ;        I

          ab               ::       aÚb   ;        aÚb   ;        aÙb   ;        aÙb

          [[a][b]]       ::       aÙb   ;        aÙb   ;        aÚb   ;        aÚb

          [a]              ::       ~ a    ;        ~a      ;        ~a      ;        ~a

          Logic circuits can operate in diamond logic, via the “dual-rail” system. Replace each wire by a pair of wires, and each gate by a pair of gates. AND and OR gate-pairs operate separately on the sides; NOT, NOR and NAND gate-pairs swap sides after operating.


Juxtaposition defines the intermix function:

J(a,b)                    =       ( a/b , b/a )

Note:  J(J(a,b)) = (a,b)

 ~ J ( a , b )  =  J ( ~ b , ~ a )

J(a,b) Ú J(A,B)  =  J(a Ú A, b Ú B)

J(a,b) Ù J(A,B)  =  J(a Ù A, b Ù B)

          In terms of bracket forms:

                   [ (a/b) ]      =       [b] / [a]

                   (a/b)(c/d)   =       (ac)/(bd)


          Diamond logic obeys the DeMorgan Laws: commutativity, associativity, identities, attractors and distribution for ‘and’ and ‘or’; double negation and the De Morgan identities for ‘not’.

          But not the Law of the Excluded Middle:

          (a Ù ~ a)  =  F     ;        (a Ú ~ a)  =  T

Instead diamond logic obeys Complementarity:

          (I Ù ~ I)  Ú  (J Ù ~ J)  =  T    ;        (I Ú ~ I) Ù  (J Ú ~ J)  =  F

        Complementarity defies the Law of the Excluded Middle, but not directly enough to collapse logic to a single value. Instead it shares contradiction between two paradox values.


          Theorem:    Complete Deduction

The De Morgan laws, plus Complementarity, prove all identity equations in diamond logic.


Theorem:  Complete Self-Reference

If F(x) is a n-component harmonic function on n variables:

          F(x)   =  ( F1(x1,…,xn) , … , Fn(x1,…,xn) )

then F has a fixedpoint; that is, a vector s = (s1,…,sn) such that

          F(s)  =  s 

So any re-entrant form can be given a value. For instance, here is the “First Brownian Modulator”:



___________________________________     |

_____________________________     |     |

_______________________     |     |     |

_________________     |     |     |     |

_____________   |     |     |     |     |

_________   |   |     |     |     |     |

_____   |   |   |     |     |     |     |

    | | | | | | |     |  |  |   | |  |  |

| Z |_|_|_| | | | Z   |__|__|___| |  |  |

|     | |_____|_|________|  |        |  |

|     |       | |___________|________|  |

|     |_______|_____________|           |




It equals this bracket-form system:


a        =        [ zd ]

                   b       =        [ ag ]

c        =        [ db ]  =  z/2

d       =        [ cf ]

e       =        [ cz ]

f        =        [ eh ]

g        =        [ ah ]

h       =        [ eg ]


Let (A,E) = J(a,e) ; so that A = a/e,  and  E = e/a.

Also let (B,F) = J(b,f) ; (C,D) = J(c,d) ; (G,H) = J(g,h)

This is “diffracting the modulator against itself”.


Then:         A       =        [ C z ]

E        =        [ D z ]

B       =        [ E H ]

F        =        [ A G ]

C       =        [ C F ]

D       =        [ D B ]

G       =        [ G E ]

H       =        [ H A ]

z/2    =        C/D


Write this in a cycle to get a “Brownian Rotor”:


A       =        [ C z ]

H       =        [ A H ]

B       =        [ H E ]

D       =        [ B D ]

E        =        [ D z ]

G       =        [ E G ]

F        =        [ G A ]

C       =        [ F C ]                                                        

z/2    =        C/D


See Illustrations 1, 2, 3.




Now consider Kauffman’s Modulator:


a        =        [ bdz ]

b       =        [ ae ]

c        =        [ df ]

d       =        [ acz ]

e       =        [ af ]  =  z/2

f        =        [ de ]


Let (A,D) = J(a,d) ; so that A = a/d,  and  D = d/a.

Also let (B,C) = J(b,c) ; (E,F) = J(e,f)

This too is diffracting the modulator against itself.


Then:         A       =        [ A C z ]

D       =        [ D B z ]

B       =        [ D F ]

C       =        [ A E ]

E        =        [ D E ]

F        =        [ A F ]

z/2    =        E/F


Write this in a cycle to get a “Kauffman Rotor”:


A       =        [ C A z ]

F        =        [ A F ]

B       =        [ F D ]

D       =        [ B D z ]

E        =        [ D E ]

C       =        [ E A ]

z/2    =        E/F

           See Illustrations 4, 5, 6.





1. Brownian Modulator


In this circuit diagram, the triangles denote NOR gates:



2. Brownian Rotor


This circuit diagram is dual-rail, for diamond logic. The triangles denote diamond NOR gates. J denotes an intermix gate. The table shows four stable states of the system, which are successive in a period-4 cycle, when the input z toggles between T and F four times. 

z        A       H       B       D       E        G       F        C       C/D


T        F        i         i         i         F        J        J        J        F

F        J        J        F        i         i         i         F        J        F

T        F        J        J        J        F        i         i         i         T

F        i         i         F        J        J        J        F        i         T



        3. Brownian Rotor Rotating

3. Kauffman Modulator



4. Kauffman Rotor


 z        A       F        B       D       E        C                 E/F


 F        i         i         F        J        J        F                 F

T        F        i         i         F        J        J                  F

F        J        J        F        i         i         F                 T

T        F        J        J        F        i         i                  T


             6. Kauffman Rotor Rotating





Nathaniel  Hellerstein

“Diamond, a four-valued approach to the problem of Paradox”

U.C. Berkeley: Doctoral thesis, 1984.


Diamond, A Paradox Logic

Singapore: World Scientific Publishing Co. Ltd., 1997


Delta, A Paradox Logic

Singapore: World Scientific Publishing Co. Ltd., 1997


Diamond, A Paradox Logic, 2nd Edition

Singapore: World Scientific Publishing Co. Ltd., 2010



Louis Kauffman

          “Knot Automata”

          Boston: 24th International Symp. on Multiple Valued Logic, 1994



Louis Kauffman and Francisco Varela

“Form Dynamics”

Journal of Social and Biological Structure, 1980, v.3, pp.171-206.



George Spencer-Brown

Laws of Form

New York: the Julian Press, 1979.